Start a Woodworking Business From Home
Although a number of high-quality water-based finishes have become available recently, solvent-basedfinish-ing products are still widely used, and considered superior for some applications. Thus woodworkers must learn to protect themselves against the health hazards associated with organic solvents. Organic solvents can have a number of health effects. Short-term use can result in ailments rangingfromheadaches and nausea to skin and eye irritation. With
Simply painting a concrete floor with a paint made specifically for the purpose will keep down the dust and make the surface easier to clean. Adhesive vinyl floor tile can be laid down as well. Yet many woodworkers prefer the comfort of a raised wooden floor. A simple floor can be constructed from sheets of 3A-inch plywood laid atop a grid of 1-by-2s on 12-inch centers. Not only is this type of floor easier on the feet, but wiring for stationary power tools can be routed underneath the raised surface in V2-inch plastic or steel conduit.
When Schlabaugh has a batch of parts that need to be sanded to the exact same length in a hurry, the guys rely on the clever sanding jig shown here. Why not just use a power mitersaw to do the job you may ask. According to Sam Williams, one of the firm's woodworkers, using the jig results in better grain opening, which results in better glue joints. And it's more accurate to boot, for both 90 and miter angles.
If your shop is some distance from your home's furnace, a separate heating system will be needed. Many woodworkers swear by wood heat it has the added benefit of consuming scrap pieces. Yet this means frequently feeding the stove and cleaning the chimney insuring your shop against fire can also be a problem. Electric baseboard units are more convenient, but can contribute to high utility bills and frequently are clogged with sawdust.
Industrial plant stuck down metal which had to be tooled all the way across the piece, on a false base with woodworker's glue and a sheet of newspaper. After the operations are completed a fine chisel is knocked in between the parts and the paper tears within its thickness, so the pieces come apart with some paper sticking to each. This can then be washed off with hot water. There is nothing very original about this, of course, it is an age-old patternmakers' method of producing a pattern which has eventually to be in halves, but it is a sound method not nearly so well known as it should be. Fig. 53 shows a light alloy casting being faced right across with a flycutter, the casting being stuck to the table with sticky tape and nothing else.
When you mount a router under a table, you make this already-versatile tool even more useful. To help you take advantage of this potential, we assembled five router-table techniques guaranteed to make you a better woodworker. You'll see that a well-equipped router table not only saves you time, it can save you money by standing in for other tools.
For most woodworkers, the home workshop is apeaceful refuge, where craft gives shape to creative ideas. It is aOsothe place where accidents may occur, owing to the very nature of the activity. But the likelihood of mishap can be reduced by a few simple precautions. First, an informed woodworker is a safe woodworker. Read the owner's manuals supplied with all your tools. Before startingajob, make sureyou know how to use the safety accessories that are designed to protect you from injury while working with a tool. Although the big stationary machines receive most of the attention from safety-conscious woodworkers, there are other potential sources of danger that, though less apparent, cannot be ignored. Many finishing products, particularly those containing solvents, can be toxic, although their effects may only become apparent after years of prolonged exposure. Certain species of wood can cause allergic or toxic reactions in some people. Page 15 presents information on choosing safe...
Few woodworkers need to be reminded of the cutting power of a spinningsaw blade orjointer cutterhead. Less well known are the long-term effects of being exposed to the sound generated by power tools. The chart on the next page lists a variety of power tools along with their approximate noise levels in decibels. The chart also indicates the Remember, too, that even short-term exposure to some noise, while it may not lead to hearing loss, can dull the senses and cause a woodworker's alertness to flag-a setup for an accident.
Fluorescent lights are the most popular type of workshop lighting fixture. They cast a relatively shadowless light, the tubes are long-lasting, and they use 20 percent to 30 percent less electricity than incandescent lights of the same brightness. Many woodworkers find that too much fluorescent light can result in fatigue and headaches, however, and prefer the warmth of incandescent and tungsten lights.
By this 10-inch table saw are captured by a portable dust collection system. Often neglected in the past, dust collection has become a central concern of many safety-conscious woodworkers in planning the layout of their shops. Air compressors first were utilized by woodworkers only for finishing work to apply lacquer and varnish more smoothly than with a brush. But with the advent of such tools as pneumatic nailers, compressors are found more frequently, even in small home workshops. Air-powered tools are discussed starting on page 72. Generators, too, are finding a place, especially among those woodworkers who take their craft away from home and power lines. They are explored on page 74. by this 10-inch table saw are captured by a portable dust collection system. Often neglected in the past, dust collection has become a central concern of many safety-conscious woodworkers in planning the layout of their shops. environmental health has led to the introduction of efficient dust...
Supporting long planks and large panels as they are fed across a saw table ranks as one of the most cumbersome tasks in the woodworking shop. Outfeed tables can be attached to most saws, but they tend to take up a lot of floor space. Once side supports are added to your machine, your shop may become an obstacle course.
As they gain experience and accumulate tools, most woodworkers pine for their own special place to practice their skills. In their fantasies, the workshop is an airy space equipped with a substantial workbench and an array of stationary machines and portable tools. The reality for many woodworkers, however, is much more modest. The typical shop never seems to have enough light, power, or elbow room. Although size is often the first consideration, several other concerns may be more important. For example, situating a shop in a spare room on the main floor of a home may provide a large working area, but noise and dust from tools would probably inconvenience other members of the family. To suit their own needs without intruding too much on the people they live with, woodworkers commonly locate home shops in the basement or a garage. Each has its pros and cons. A basement is apt to be damp and may need to have its wiring and heating upgraded access can be hampered by narrow doors, tight...
The workbench is the cornerstone of the woodshop, with a history almost as old as woodworking itself. Examples of primitive workbenches have been found dating back more than 2,000 years. Woodworkers in ancient Rome advanced the basic design, devising benches with simple stops that allowed them to secure pieces of wood. Until that time, craftsmen were forced to hold their work, cutting or shaping it with one hand while chopping or planing with the other. Further improvements came slowly, however, and vises were only added centuries later. With each refinement the workbench has assumed an increasingly indispensable role in the workshop. It is little surprise that many call the workbench the most important tool a woodworker can own. Although the Workmate has found a niche in workshops around the world, many woodworkers both amateur and professional still opt for nothing less than a solid maple or beech bench. Often they choose to build their own, believing that the care and attention...
Sawhorses have countless uses in the woodworking shop, from table legs to tool stands. Occasionally it seems that their original purpose to support boards for sawing is only an afterthought. It is easy to see why sawhorses are considered so versatile, for their compact design makes them especially useful in shops with limited floor space. Some commercial models, like the ones in the photo at right, can be adjusted to different heights and folded up for easy storage. With commercial brackets (below), you can size sawhorses to suit your needs. The shop-made horses featured on page 119 can be disassembled and put away after use.
Almost as strong as a traditional workbench, this commercial work table is a versatile workhorse, especially when paired with a woodworker's vise. The cabinet and drawers provide storage space, and can be locked to secure valuable tools. For many light woodworking chores, from marking out joints to assembling pieces of furniture, a simple work table fits the bill as well as a traditional woodworker's bench. This section features several table designs. All are quick, easy, and inexpensive to build. The table shown opposite is sufficiently large and sturdy for most jobs if space is at a premium, a good compromise would be one of the fold-up versions shown on pages 115 and 116. You can also conserve space by incorporating storage shelves, drawers, or cabinets in your design. For assembling carcases and other pieces of furniture, you may find the low-to-the-ground table on page 114 handier than a standard-height work surface.
It is a truism that no workshop is ever large enough it is equally true that no woodworker ever has enough tables, benches, sawhorses, stands, or props to support work in progress. The traditional workbench, however useful or necessary (seepage 46), is only the beginning. For many uses, it is too high, too small, or too immobile to be helpful. Given a need and a few pieces of wood, every woodworker will devise some way to improve his or her tools. The examples that follow are mere suggestions, for it is impossible to limit the imagination when the need arises for improving the workshop.
Clutter is the woodworker's enduring enemy. Whether your workshop is shoehorned into the corner of the basement or spread out in a two-car garage, it no doubt accumulates things at an astonishing rate Lumber, plywood, saws, saw blades, drills, drill bits, planes, clamps, chisels, files, grinders, screwdrivers, punches, wrenches, and hammers are just a few of the hand and power tools that must be conveniently available when needed and out of the way when not.
Electricity plays a major role in the modern woodworking shop, powering machines and tools, lighting fixtures and lamps, and heating systems. Electricityis so commonplacethat it is all too easy to forget its potential for danger. An electrical shock, even one that can hardly be felt, can be deadly For this reason, the electrical system is strictlyreg-ulated by codes and standards designed to protect you from fire and shock.
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