Acknowledgements

First and foremost, I am grateful to W.H.Bassett (Editor of Clay's Library of Health and the Environment) and Michael Doggwiler (Senior Editor, Spon Press an imprint of the Taylor and Francis Group) for their continued and enthusiastic advice, ideas, guidance and support throughout the compilation of this book. I am indebted to Three Rivers District Council for permission to use the photographs and paperwork such as survey sheets, risk inspection sheets, etc. to the Chartered Institute of...

Essential basic knowledge

This chapter is more technically based than Chapter 2. It is a 'how to' rather than a 'why to' and discusses essential basic knowledge before detailed environmental health housing law and practice is presented in Chapter 4. Chapter 3 introduces essential basic knowledge required as a background to deal with poor housing conditions. It provides a foundation to building terminology and common housing defects before using this as a basis on how to survey a house and draft a specification of works....

Housing

Clay's Library of Health and the Environment Volume I First published 2001 by Spon Press 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Spon Press 29 West 35 th Street, New York, NY 10001 Spon Press is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005. To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge's collection of thousands of eBooks please go to...

Introduction

People's homes and their local communities can influence health and well-being, community and family ties, and access to wider society. It then follows that decent housing has a positive effect on a person's lifestyle and their life chances. Those living in decent housing are more likely to maintain good health, access to education, health, community facilities and employment opportunities. Conversely, those who live in poor housing, particularly within deprived...

Definitions

The Environmental Protection Act 1990 provides for action in respect of statutory nuisance. In understanding the concept of statutory nuisance, it is first necessary to go back a step and trace the development of this tort. Most people would have their own understanding of the term 'nuisance', and what they might consider to be a nuisance, but applying the tort can be complex. A thorough understanding of the definition is required in terms of how it might apply to residential conditions. At...

Civil remedy for disrepair

Civil remedies are about private citizens' rights that are not criminal or political. In terms of remedy for disrepair, a tenant can sue their landlord for breach of contract, implied or explicit. Across both housing sectors (public and private), civil remedy can be sought through the following legislation Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 section 11. Defective Premises Act 1972 sections 1 and 4. Civil remedy under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 and the Defec-tive Premises Act 1972 are now...

Caravan Sites Act 1968 and Mobile Homes Act 1983

Relations between caravans (more commonly now referred to as mobile homes or park homes) and site owners are largely governed by the Caravan Sites Act 1968 and the Mobile Homes Act 1983, which updated many existing provisions. The Mobile Homes Act applies to private and local authority sites. It introduces new rules governing ownership (but not tenancies) in respect of mobile homes, including security of tenure, sale of mobile homes and agreements between site owners and residents. The act...

Abbreviations

Association of Metropolitan Authorities Bed and Breakfast Information Exchange Chartered Institute of Environmental Health Department of the Environment, Transport and the National Federation of Housing Associations Private Sector Renewal Support Grant Tenants Resource and Information Service

References

Age Concern and RADAR (2000) Report by Age Concern and Radar on the Disabled Facilities Grants System. Is the System Working http (19 June 2000). Albeson, R. (2000) 'Uneasy settlement', Roof, July August, 16. Arblaster, L. and Hawtin, M. (1993) Health, Housing and Social Policy, London Socialist Health Association. Ashton, J. and Seymore, H. (1988) The New Public Health, Milton Keynes Open University Press. Association of Metropolitan Authorities (1985) Defects in Housing, London AMA. Asylum...

Application

The general principles of 'means of escape' are to provide a protected route with a 30-minute fire integrity to allow safe escape in case of fire. For this purpose, horizontal and vertical fire separation is required. In some cases this is backed up by AFD, emergency lighting and fire fighting equipment (FFE). It is also important to ensure that travel distances are not exceeded. Requirements for means of escape are laid down in Department of the Environment Circular 12 92 (DoE 1992). This...

Info

Overcrowding legislation is quite draconian, based on standards from the 1930s which have still not been updated as they currently stand in the Housing Act 1985 (as amended) Part X sections 324-8, still using imperial measurements. Overcrowding in this context relates to dwellings, which are defined as 'a premises used or suitable for use as a separate dwelling'. Case law defines this as something in which all major life activities are carried out, for example sleeping, cooking and so on, where...

Bed and breakfast

Of the above categories, bed and breakfast accommodation is frequently in poor condition, and dependence on this sector for temporary accommodation has fallen in recent years in favour of other types. However, a substantial number of households are still housed in bed and breakfast establishments, and it is this sector that is mainly considered here to illustrate health and housing issues. The London Research Centre LRC established the Bed and Breakfast Information Exchange BABIE in 1988 as a...

Private sector housing the local authority role

The fundamental purpose of local authority environmental health activity is to break the link between poor housing and ill-health, through a mixture of enforcement and enabling provisions. The objectives include repair and or improvement of individual houses, rehabilitation on an area basis, a wider strategic role in anti-poverty, social exclusion and political initiatives as well as the increasing use of private sector as 'alternative' to social housing. Local authority housing functions are...

Fall and rise of the private rented sector

Interpretation of the decline of the private rented sector falls largely into two camps. First is the view that it is not allowed to operate as a market. This view is mainly concerned with what is perceived as over regulation, which prevents the housing market from operating effectively. The second view is that the decline is due instead to wider social changes, fiscal policy favouring owner occupation as a tenure and the provision of low-cost social housing by a different provider. The reality...